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Why Glasgow City Council has joined Race To Zero

Why Glasgow City Council has joined Race To Zero

Leader of Glasgow City Council Councillor Susan Aitken tells UK100 why Scotland’s biggest city has joined Race To Zero, and what opportunity it holds for local authorities on the road to COP26

As the momentum builds in the global Race To Zero and as we head towards COP26, there is a line Glasgow has used regularly, becoming something of a mission statement. “Carbon reduction and sustainability really are the issues of our times. Glasgow can show the world we are becoming the city of our times on the issues of our times.”

This isn’t a statement of ambition. Or, for that matter, a boast of our credentials. Instead, it reflects why Glasgow is an ideal choice as host city for COP. The reason I believe that to be the case is our city’s imperfections. Perhaps more than any other urban centre in western Europe, Glasgow has carried the scars of its high carbon past. Those physical and social legacies are something which, 40 years after the demise of our heavy industry, we are confronted with daily. Derelict and contaminated land, congestion, poor planning decisions from previous generations and high levels of social deprivation are the more visible reminders.

As anyone who has visited Glasgow will know, we have made incredible inroads, particularly in the past two decades. But our transition to carbon neutrality by 2030 gives us much more to do. Our remarkable transformation from Europe’s preeminent post-industrial city has another, equally dramatic, stage in its journey. So, we have a powerful and compelling story to tell, one which charts the course from that past to the low carbon and sustainable developments of the present. It is a story which is resonating across the world and makes Glasgow the template for so many other cities.

What this past year has also shown us is the willingness of the international family of cities to share and collaborate on critical policy discussions and desire to find common cause on solutions to global climate challenges. There’s a unity of purpose emerging which has the potential to be one of the single biggest contributors to the well-being – indeed the survival – of our planet. And what is increasingly crystalised is the absolutely critical role of cities in the race to zero. Perhaps unlike any previous COPs, Glasgow will ensure that the voices of cities must be heard.

Race To Zero therefore is an ideal platform to build on – and accelerate – that tangible momentum Glasgow is experiencing in the global conversations COP has given us the privilege of taking centre stage in. It is an opportunity for authorities from throughout the UK to embrace the common cause of addressing and responding to the climate emergency. There is a commonality of past and experience which perhaps we don’t always have at an international level and these can and should lend themselves to the sharing of agendas and to collaboration.

The Glasgow Story is one which all the titans of the industrial age from across these islands will recognise and can draw from. As Glasgow and our peers put in place the innovative solutions to address those legacies and to build new, decarbonised economies and communities we need to foster a sense of partnership. Future generations will look dimly on us if we allow insularity and narrow agendas, be that at local, regional, national or international level, to create barriers to climate action.

The privilege and responsibility of hosting COP26 has given Glasgow the opportunity to help lead that global movement committed to a fairer, greener and more just planetary course. Race To Zero allows cities, region and local authorities to take their place at that table. It provides an opportunity for all of us to show real leadership on the climate emergency and prioritise economic social and environmental justice. For all our people. Our voices must be heard.

COP provides all of us in the UK with an opportunity to push forward with our own ambitions on carbon neutrality. Amongst the many projects underway here in Glasgow is the acceleration of the redesign of our distinctive Victorian streets and public spaces and the promotion of new, sustainable modes of transport. It is about addressing the contribution to our carbon neutrality by our hundreds of thousands of homes and buildings – very many of which are over a century old.

It’s about addressing our high levels of vacant and derelict land and repurposing them for affordable housing or as green spaces, woodland, nature havens and for food growing. And its about investment in flood prevention measures to not only help protect Glasgow against rising temperatures but also to open up more land for recreational, economic and residential use, while restoring the River Clyde to the heart of city life.

But its also about social justice, about making COP and carbon neutrality relevant to the lives of our ordinary citizens. I mentioned previously the responsibility of hosting COP.

As Glasgow’s profile within international networks increases, our repeated message, ‘the Glasgow Message’, is that social equity must be an equal consideration. Fairness must be core to our transition and to our recovery from the Covid pandemic. Climate change already threatens to have a disproportionate impact on the young and the poorest communities, factors being exacerbated by Covid.

The young of 2020 face considerable challenges and issues not been experienced to the same extent by previous generations – from mental and physical health, difficulties entering the job market and accessing social and cultural opportunities. Climate change has a similarly disproportionate impact on low income groups, those who contribute least to Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions, but are least able to prepare, respond and recover from its impacts. I have been explicit in raising the concern about the impact on jobs which an economy moving away from its dependency on fossil fuels will have. And I have spoken many times of the need to protect workers from the shocks of transition and to maximise opportunities for the future workforce.

This won’t happen on its own. It will take planning and engagement with both businesses and trade unions. A transition to a carbon neutral economy must focus on those considered most vulnerable to climate change and create opportunities for the under/unemployed in trades and professions a more sustainable economy will demand.

All of us must recognise that the Race To Zero – and delivering a green recovery – will need collaboration like never before.

I want to finish by referring to the very recent words of the US’s very first Presidential Special Envoy For Climate, the former presidential candidate John Kerry. Looking towards COP26 in his first speech in the role he said: “To end this crisis the whole world has to come together. Paris alone is not enough. At the global meeting in Glasgow one year from now all nations must raise ambitions together or we will all fail together. And failure is not an option.” But where nation states pledge it is up to us, as cities, as local authorities, to deliver. It is us who will ensure the Race To Zero is won.

Councillor Susan Aitken, Leader of Glasgow City Council

Nigel Topping on why local authorities should sign up to Race To Zero

Nigel Topping on why local authorities should sign up to Race To Zero

As we gear up to launch our new, more ambitious pledge on 10 December, keynote speaker Nigel Topping, High Level Climate Action Champion for COP26, urges local authorities to sign up to the Race to Zero campaign.

Those of us who have been working on climate change since well before the adoption of the Paris Agreement in 2015 would never have expected that a global pandemic would be how we would start this decade of climate action.

The health, social and economic consequences of this global pandemic have moved us to an inflection point where how we choose to respond to this crisis will determine the pathway to our Net Zero future.

That’s why it is so encouraging to see that during the pandemic, Net Zero commitments have doubled with over 2,000 companies, cities, states, regions, investors and universities starting their race to Net Zero emissions.

Commitments from cities alone in the Race to Zero alliance — the largest ever Net Zero coalition, now cover 7.6% of global population and represent 7% of global CO2 emissions. But we need to go much further.

As we look to realise our carbon neutrality goals, local authorities are in a unique position to accelerate England’s pace in the race to zero carbon by 2050.

Estimates suggest that local governments can collectively influence nearly 70% of England’s carbon emissions through engaging the wider community and their deep local knowledge. 

Local authorities know their communities best, so are best placed to deploy solutions that will both tackle the climate crisis and bring about a fair and just transition to a Net Zero economy.

This new, zero world that we are racing towards offers huge opportunities for local communities.

It means zero deaths from air pollution, climate change or environmental destruction.

It means reducing inequalities, and creating a fair and equal society where sustainable jobs, industries and innovation support a healthy environment. 

It also means pioneering a covid recovery that puts health, resilience, and climate change front and centre as we build back from this global pandemic.

Building this zero carbon future has wide-reaching implications, and we have already seen the power of local authorities and civil society in action this year in accelerating climate ambition.

Japan and South Korea’s recent commitments to Net Zero by 2050 are a direct result of intensifying pressure from non-state actors demanding climate action. In South Korea, lawmakers, civil society and global voices have pushed institutions to announce an end for coal, compelling the world’s third biggest coal financier to take action.

2020 has shown how bottom-up pressure can really contribute to the speed and strength with which national governments act.

As part of the Race to Zero, local authorities can help advocate to the UK government for the powers and support to act on their climate commitments and accelerate climate ambition as we move towards COP26 and beyond. 

Local authorities can start this crucial journey by pledging to reach Net Zero by 2050 at the latest, planning their path to carbon neutrality with an interim target of halving emissions by 2030, proceeding immediately with the steps necessary to embark on this pathway, and committing to transparency through annually publishing their progress.

The more UK local authorities that join the Race to Zero, the stronger the signal we can send that we are all united in meeting Paris goals and creating a more inclusive and resilient economy.

I encourage you all to join us.

Nigel Topping, High Level Climate Action Champion for COP26

Race To Zero is a global campaign to rally leadership and support from businesses, cities, regions, investors for a healthy, resilient, zero carbon recovery that prevents future threats, creates decent jobs, and unlocks inclusive, sustainable growth.

The objective is to build momentum around the shift to a decarbonized economy ahead of COP26, where governments must strengthen their contributions to the Paris Agreement. This will send governments a resounding signal that business, cities, regions and investors are united in meeting the Paris goals and creating a more inclusive and resilient economy.

The PM’s Ten Point Plan: why additional long-term funding, policies and powers are vital

The PM’s Ten Point Plan: why additional long-term funding, policies and powers are vital

As Boris Johnson lays out his Ten Point Plan for a Green Industrial Revolution, our Policy Director Jason Torrance explains that, despite the welcome announcement, additional funding, policies and powers are vital to delivering the goal of ending the sale of new petrol and diesel cars and vans by 2030.

Today The Prime Minister outlines his Ten Point Plan for a Green Industrial Revolution for 250,000 jobs. While the plan answers the calls for ambition and action from local leaders across the UK – the litmus test will be in whether additional long-term funding, policies and powers needed to support delivery on-the-ground locally will come in the anticipated UK Government Spending Review.

The centrepiece of The Plan is confirmation that the UK will end the sale of new petrol and diesel cars and vans by 2030, ten years earlier than planned. An announcement that will be welcomed by local leaders across the UK, who called for this at a UK100 convened Clean Air Summit in 2018, as well as by the Climate Change Committee, many businesses and a wide range of UK environmental groups.

The plan also offers new funding for a raft of other measures including: making new and existing homes and public buildings more efficient by extending the Green Homes Grant scheme, more funding to accelerate the rollout of charge points for electric vehicles, and investment for trialling hydrogen for heating and cooking.

However, much (around 2/3) of the £12bn funding announced is already available, leaving the plan lagging behind the scale of long-term investment that is needed and behind investments made in other countries such as France and Germany. As comparison new funding announced is well short of the planned UK Government investments of £27bn for national road investment and also for HS2 of £88bn.

Earlier in the year the cross-party Resilient Recovery Taskforce of 24 Mayors and local leaders, convened by UK100, submitted a proposal to the Chancellor, to invest £5bn via a Net Zero Development Bank that could unlock £100bn of private sector investment toward meeting Net Zero goals by 2050, as well as creating 455,076 jobs in construction and property sectors across Great Britain.

Government is right to focus on transport for decarbonisation. Transport emissions are rising and threatening to derail UK Government carbon budgets. Analysis by Green Alliance shows a 2030 phase-out date could get the UK back on track and deliver a third of the additional emissions cuts needed between 2028 and 2032. With the Department for Transport promising to publish its Decarbonisation of Transport Plan at the end of this year, there is an urgent need to finalise an ambitious long-term plan with a package of legislation and incentives to deliver the phase-out goal.

There will inevitably be some resistance to the plans. While some car makers claim there is no demand for battery electric cars, in practice, many have long waiting lists for electric cars and vans. The car rental and leasing industry recently raised the number of electric cars and vans it expected to buy by 2025 to 400,000, while the EV100 coalition of businesses has committed to buying nearly five million battery electric cars (globally).

The race is now on to cut emissions and secure vitally important green jobs for the future. In 2018, the UK built a quarter of the battery electric cars in Europe but, by 2025, this is expected to have slumped to around six per cent. This plan and the upcoming UK Government Spending Review must be a turning point, putting local communities in the driving seat, securing vitally important green jobs and skills and providing the resources to get the UK to Net Zero by 2050.

Jason Torrance, UK100 Policy Director

Road to COP26 | October update: Why local leaders are essential to a successful summit

Road to COP26 | October update: Why local leaders are essential to a successful summit

UK100’s Campaigns Officer and COP26 Lead Talia Berriman gives a recap of why COP26 is so important and why the government won’t reach its climate commitments without the involvement of local leaders. 


What’s all the hype about COP26?

After decades of disagreements over responsibility for climate change, representatives from all 195 countries came together in Paris in 2015 for the 21st annual UN Climate Change Conference (COP21). They agreed to limit global warming to 2°C degrees or as close to 1.5°C as possible, in a bid to avoid the worst impacts of climate change, and this became known as the Paris Agreement.

Next year, the UK will host the conference (known as COP26) in Glasgow, which is expected to be a similarly significant moment in history. The annual conferences (COPs) after Paris were mostly spent negotiating the terms of the Agreement, the deadline for which is in Glasgow. By COP26, which is taking place in November 2021, countries must submit their action plans on how they will cut carbon emissions to align with the Paris Agreement and how they will accelerate climate action over the next decade. Scientists agree that what we do over the next 10 years is crucial as to whether or not we will be able to keep global warming to 1.5 degrees.


A great vision but no real plan 

In November 2021, all eyes will be on the UK. World leaders will descend on Glasgow, expecting the UK to show leadership on climate action. The UK parliament has already demonstrated that it is serious about tackling the climate emergency, being the first major world economy to pass legislation to bring emissions from all greenhouse gases to Net Zero by 2050. This will mean cutting our production and use of dirty and polluting fossil fuels such as coal, oil and gas so that no more harmful emissions are released into the atmosphere.

However, despite this ambitious target, we are not on track yet to even meet the previous target of an 80% reduction in emissions by 2050, which was set by the 2008 Climate Change Act. The Committee on Climate Change (CCC) has stated that although Net Zero by 2050 is technically possible, it will be highly challenging

The goal of Net Zero by 2050 shows ambition far beyond what many other countries have legislated. However, we must remember that, as of yet, it is still only a goal. We don’t have a plan of how we’re going to get there, and we need to act fast if we’re to do it in a way that benefits our communities and that brings people along with us.


National government can’t meet Net Zero without local leaders

Local authorities influence up to 70% of the UK’s emissions, so they are essential to the UK government’s intention to reach Net Zero by 2050. They know their communities best and so are best placed to deploy the solutions that will both tackle the climate crisis and bring about a fair and just transition to a Net Zero economy. 

National government will, no doubt, be making some major announcements in the year to COP26 as world media and the international climate community focus their attention on the UK. We want to see local government placed at the heart of any national climate action plans, if those plans are to be more effective and to accelerate emissions reductions in the UK.


What UK100 is doing to help make COP26 a success

UK100 is leveraging the opportunity of COP26 to secure more ambitious climate commitments from our members, and together we will advocate to national government for the powers and support to act on these commitments. 

Our first step is updating our membership pledge to reflect the huge progress that has been made by our members, many of whom have plans to reach Net Zero well before the UK’s legislated target of 2050. This will demonstrate to national government, as well as those across the world, the commitment of local leaders in the UK to limit the worst impacts of climate change by acting now.

In the coming months, we will also be launching our new online knowledge hub with exemplar projects developed by our members that deliver real emissions reductions. This will enable local leaders to learn from each other, grow confident in the solutions that work and design and adapt them to their own communities’ needs.

For UK100 members, the year to COP26 is going to be a year of demonstrating the action and ambition of UK local leaders, a year of dialogue that connects them with each other and global leaders to build climate ambition and action, and a year of advocating for the powers needed to accelerate the path to a Net Zero society. We hope you join us on this journey.

Talia Berriman, Campaigns Officer and COP26 Lead

How a Local Energy Hub is supporting local authorities

How a Local Energy Hub is supporting local authorities

We spoke with Maxine Narburgh, Regional Manager of the Greater South East Energy Hub about how it supports local authorities implementing clean energy projects. Here she talks about how a ‘Net Zero energy family’ is taking shape.


A ‘Net Zero energy family’ taking shape across the South East

Across England are five Local Energy Hubs that provide local authorities with practical support in developing energy projects. When UK100 presented a report in 2017 that proposed local clean energy partnerships, the Hubs were an oven-ready idea within BEIS.

In response to our report, the then BEIS minister Claire Perry signed off the Hubs proposal. And two years down the line, the Greater South East Energy Hub (the Hub) is going from strength to strength.

Speaking to the Regional Manager Maxine Narburgh, you can sense her pride in the progress made so far. They’ve now delivered projects that have attracted £15.5m of investment.

The 55 projects across 35 local authorities and public sector partnerships to which they give 1-2-1 development support are valued at £407m and save about 82,000 tCO2/yr.

Solar farms, public sector building and domestic energy efficiency, fleet decarbonisation, heat networks and smart grids are just a few of the projects the Hub works on.

The Hub has built a network of stakeholders in the innovation landscape, supply chains, the public sector, and community energy groups – the sorts of partners they need to spur on the energy transition.

“It’s challenging but it makes you very proud,” Maxine said. “The team has been absolutely brilliant in what they’ve achieved. From a baseline of nothing to supporting local authorities and bringing new ones into the world of local energy. 

“It is certainly a Net Zero energy family that’s taking shape. Much more than individual projects, it’s really about how this all starts to join up, and in particular how it starts to scale up.”

“Our local authorities and Local Enterprise Partnerships are very positive about the impact the Hub is having in progressing local energy. 

“A lot of the more complex interactions across the energy vectors haven’t yet happened at scale, so it really is a path that you forge in partnership.”


How the Local Energy Hub supports local authorities

When there’s only so much a local authority can do within its own power to reach ambitious targets, the service the Hub provides has become an incredibly valuable resource.

Each Local Energy Hub, funded by BEIS, has a team of energy experts that support local energy projects throughout their development stages, from options appraisal and feasibility, business-case preparation, design and planning, through to financing.

Beyond Net Zero, local authorities are asking the Hub whether projects can go a step further and generate revenue to support frontline services. To this end, the Hub’s support can tick several boxes for local authorities’ ambitions and requirements.


Broader benefits 

Maxine said where the Hub has been able to provide capacity to local authorities, they’re seeing them able to develop more projects, take more ownership of them, and increase ambition thanks to learning from the Hub, and each other through its networks.

“We definitely see local authorities as key,” said Maxine. “If you’re looking at energy efficiency retrofit, the residents tend to have trust in their local authority. So to be able to support local authorities to deliver programmes they have confidence in is important to us.” 


Engaging unconvinced colleagues

Maxine would like the Hub to develop support for local authorities on how to engage chief finance officers and senior management teams. These decision-makers are often unsure of the benefits or what’s possible with energy projects.

Maxine said: “We’re now developing different case studies and financial models and other resources that can start to tell that story. If there’s not something to show and to share then people might not want to be the first.

“It’s developing that portfolio of materials that might engage people just to support those officers that have got great ideas but find the resistance within their own internal systems.” 

Read more about the Greater South East Energy Hub and how you can get support as a local authority.

Jonny Wilkinson, Senior Communications Officer

White vans go green: Army of half a million builders and plumbers needed to reach Net Zero as local leaders urge £100bn green investment to kickstart green recovery

White vans go green: Army of half a million builders and plumbers needed to reach Net Zero as local leaders urge £100bn green investment to kickstart green recovery

●     455,076 jobs could be created in construction and property sectors across Great Britain

●     Cross-party taskforce of 24 Mayors and local leaders calls for £100bn in Spending Review along with 5 point Resilient Recovery Declaration

●     Calls for Government-led plan to retrofit homes and become world leader in low emissions vehicles

●     Net Zero Development Bank would increase private investment in zero carbon economy


New research published by UK100, a group of mayors and local government leaders today shows that a “retrofit army” of nearly half a million builders, electricians, plumbers will be needed to meet the Government’s objective of becoming Net Zero by 2050.

The figures are being published as a cross-party taskforce of 24 Mayors and local leaders, representing 24 million people across England have submitted a proposal to the Chancellor, Rishi Sunak, to unlock £100bn as part of the Spending Review, which closes today (24 September). The finance should be predominantly met from the private sector with the Treasury pump-priming £5bn via a Net Zero Development Bank.[1]

In total 455,076 jobs could be created or in demand in the construction and property sectors[2]. The construction industry has been one of the hardest hit in the pandemic, with 90% of construction businesses having applied for the furlough scheme, second only to the hospitality sector[3]. In total, over 3 million jobs are expected to be in demand or created as part of a shift to a green economy across a range of sectors.

Essex is the area with the highest number of potential new construction and property jobs – with a total of 12,841 roles likely to be created or in demand. Outside London (64,551 jobs) and the South East (67,467 jobs) the areas with the greatest number of new jobs are the North West (50,380), the East of England (48,427) and Scotland (42,978).


Analysis conducted by UK100 and Siemens, shows that a £5bn investment by the Government could unlock £100bn of private sector investment toward meeting the Net Zero goals by 2050. It includes £40bn for ‘retrofit’ such as energy saving and efficiency in homes and businesses; £10bn for renewables such as solar, wind and biomass; £30bn for low carbon heating such as district heating networks; £10bn for smart energy systems; and £10bn for low emissions transport such as electric and hydrogen vehicles.[4]

The UK Green Building Council has estimated that to achieve Net Zero carbon by 2050, we will need to improve almost all of the UK’s 29 million homes, meaning we need to retrofit more than 1.8 homes every minute between now and 2050.[5]

The new ‘retrofit army’ would be supported to go green with incentives to switch from diesel and petrol white vans to electric vehicles[6], as well as seamless access to electric vehicle charging infrastructure across the UK. There would also be support to encourage public transport use, walking and cycling.

Although the UK100 jobs data is not time specific, a recent report by the New Economics Foundation which interviewed industry experts found that “a period of three to four years was thought to be required to train up the supply chain to full capacity.”[7] Homes are a major source of climate change: accounting for 15% of emissions in the UK in 2018, primarily from natural gas use for heating and cooking[8].


The joint declaration by the 24 mayors and council leaders says: “The need for an economic recovery package that creates resilience in our communities and reduces carbon emissions has never been greater. The Covid-19 crisis has highlighted the fragility of our economic structures, their exposure to external shocks and the need to support people in our poorest communities. We must seize the opportunity to create healthier, safer, greener and more prosperous communities, building in resilience to climate change through investing in the green economy…Adequate UK government investment, ambitious national frameworks and the necessary powers to accelerate local change, would enhance our ability to act in partnership to tackle the threat of climate and to reskill our workforces to set them on a path to a flourishing Net Zero economy.”[9]

The declaration includes a five point Resilient Recovery Declaration which is being submitted to the Chancellor’s Spending Review:

  1. a long-term government-led plan to retrofit homes across the country, which are some of the leakiest in Europe;
  2. a new duty for Ofgem to support the delivery of Net Zero as part of a renewable, locally planned electricity grid;
  3. creating a Net Zero Development Bank to increase private investment in renewable technologies;
  4. a commitment to providing seamless access to electric vehicle charging infrastructure across the UK; and ensure UK is world leader in developing low emissions vehicles
  5. new powers for mayors and local authorities to deliver Net Zero.


A number of new jobs are expected to be created in the construction and property sectors as part of the shift to a green economy. Many of these are outlined in a framework of technical standards for retrofit, known as PAS 2035/2030:2019. These include[10]:

●     Retrofit surveyors and advisers. Surveyors and advisers would provide advice to homeowners on how best to reduce energy waste from their houses, on the financial benefits of a variety of retrofit measures and support available.

●     Retrofit builders and insulation specialists. Builders and labourers will need additional skills and experience of constructing energy efficient homes, as well as installing the latest insulation in existing homes to reduce energy leakage and meet the highest EPC (Energy Performance Certificate) ratings.

●     Retrofit heating specialists. Specialist technicians, who may have worked as gas boiler engineers could install technologies such as ground or air source heat pumps which can convert renewable-sourced electricity into heating and hot water, or biomass boilers which can burn waste timber with low emissions.

●     Retrofit roofers, carpenters and electricians. A range of specialist roles will be envisaged in the retrofit industry covering the design and installation of technologies including solar thermal systems; home battery storage and thermally efficient facades, which create an airtight and insulated shell around an existing property.

●     Retrofit co-ordinators. The Retrofit Co-ordinator has a key role in ensuring that effective standards are maintained such as the Trustmark accreditation[11] and is involved in all work stages to help reduce risks.


Judith Blake, Leader of Leeds City Council and Chair of the UK100 Resilient Recovery Task Force, said: “With the furlough scheme coming to an end, this country now faces both a climate and a jobs emergency—with both requiring urgent action.

“By investing in nearly half a million skilled and secure jobs as part of the Spending Review, the Chancellor could lay the foundation for a resilient and sustainable recovery across the country and ensure that we have the workforce we need to actually build back better and greener. Local authorities are ready to play our part in helping the country meet its legal Net Zero obligations. We will continue to lead the way, in partnership with businesses and the Government.”

Polly Billington, Director of UK100, said: “From Essex to Edinburgh, the move to a greener economy will create thousands of new jobs. By unlocking private sector investment through a Net Zero Development Bank, we can reduce the taxpayer burden and ensure the money is spent prudently by disciplined allocators of capital.”

Sadiq Khan, Mayor of London, said: “I have been clear that a strong economic recovery and a green recovery are not mutually exclusive but one and the same. With green investments in jobs, skills, technology and infrastructure, we can create millions of new jobs, boost the economy, tackle inequality and unleash sustainable growth at the same time as tackling the climate emergency. I encourage the Government to do more to invest in green jobs and skills, and to help us power a recovery that leads London towards becoming a zero-carbon city.”

Andy Street, Mayor of the West Midlands, said: “There is no hiding from the climate emergency we are facing as a country, and we must do everything we can to tackle this and reach our carbon emission goals. A key part of this will be a green and inclusive recovery from the Coronavirus crisis – one that delivers high quality, well paid jobs in high-tech new green energy sectors. Tackling climate change and providing people good jobs of the future go hand in hand. The UK100 Resilient Recovery Declaration sets out some critical priorities for cutting emissions and securing those vitally important green jobs for the future. That’s why we’re proud to sign-up to this declaration.”

Andy Burnham, Mayor of Greater Manchester, said: “We need a new economic model to drive recovery that is based on fairness and building back better. This research shows there is an opportunity to generate thousands of new jobs in a green economy by putting local communities in the driving seat. By working in partnership with businesses and leaders across the country, the Government can unlock sustainable growth.”

Marvin Rees, Mayor of Bristol, said: “Front loading green infrastructure spend will give cities and regions the certainty and stability we need to plan for our recovery. It will enable us to line up the local labour and supply chains, supporting inclusive economic growth, as well as delivering on our climate and ecological goals.”

Councillor Sarah Bunting, Belfast City Council’s UK100 Taskforce representative said: “Covid-19 has led to an acceleration of our action to transition to a zero-emissions economy within a generation. It has focused minds, and led to more partnership working across the city to drive jobs-led growth. However, investment from government is needed to ensure projects at scale are brought forward quickly, either through retrofitting of local housing or stimulus for low-emissions transport. Like many cities, Belfast needs to make a step change towards decarbonisation in this decade. This is a profound challenge but offers substantial opportunities for our local economy.”

Cllr Joshua Schumann, Chairman of Environment and Sustainability committee at Cambridgeshire County Council, said: “Covid-19 has brought challenges to many local government responsibilities and activities – protecting and supporting our communities has had to be our primary concern. In addition to the challenges there have also been opportunities that have been identified in how we can recover from the impacts of the pandemic and how the environment could have lasting benefits from new ways of working.

“Cambridgeshire is delighted to be part of the UK100 resilient recovery taskforce and pleased to add its name to the declaration. Green investment will be an essential part of economic recovery and creating a workforce that can deliver that, with the necessary skills and training, is one example of how we will facilitate it.”



Members of the UK100 Resilient Recovery Taskforce

  • Leeds (Chair) – Cllr Judith Blake, Leader
  • Bath and North East Somerset – Cllr Dine Romero, Leader
  • Belfast – Grainia Long, Commissioner for Resilience, Belfast City Council
  • Birmingham – Cllr Ian Ward, Leader
  • Bristol – Marvin Rees, Mayor
  • Cambridge – Cllr Lewis Herbert, Leader
  • Cambridgeshire – Cllr Steve Count, Leader
  • Camden – Cllr Georgia Gould, Leader
  • Cardiff – Cllr Huw Thomas, Leader
  • Cornwall – Cllr Edwina Hannaford, Cabinet Member – Climate Change and Neighbourhoods
  • Leicester – Sir Peter Soulsby, Mayor
  • Liverpool City Region – Steve Rotherham, Mayor
  • London – Sadiq Khan, Mayor
  • Greater Manchester – Andy Burnham, Mayor
  • Manchester City – Sir Richard Leese, Leader
  • Newcastle – Cllr Nick Forbes, Leader
  • North of the Tyne – Jamie Driscoll, Mayor
  • Nottingham – Cllr Sally Longford, Deputy Leader
  • Oxford – Cllr Susan Brown, Leader
  • Sheffield – Cllr Julie Dore, Leader
  • Sheffield City Region – Dan Jarvis MBE, Mayor
  • Southampton – Cllr Christopher Hammond, Leader
  • West Midlands Combined Authority – Andy Street, Mayor
  • West of England Combined Authority – Tim Bowles, Mayor


  • Professor Andy Gouldson, University of Leeds – Adviser to the Taskforce
  • Polly Billington, Director, UK100 – Taskforce Secretariat



23rd September 2020

The need for an economic recovery package that creates resilience in our communities and reduces carbon emissions has never been greater. The Covid-19 crisis has highlighted the fragility of our economic structures, their exposure to external shocks and the need to support people in our poorest communities. We must seize the opportunity to create healthier, safer, greener and more prosperous communities, building in resilience to climate change through investing in the green economy. Such an approach will enable us to reskill our workforce, enable job creation, create cleaner, healthier, safer places to work and live, and restore the nature upon which we all rely.

As elected leaders of our communities, we are playing an essential role in tackling the current Covid-19 crisis, and we are fulfilling our role in building a resilient recovery from it. Our knowledge and understanding of our communities means that we are well placed to design and deliver solutions that improve health, prosperity and the environment. Adequate UK government investment, ambitious national frameworks and the necessary powers to accelerate local change, would enhance our ability to act in partnership to tackle the threat of climate and to reskill our workforces to set them on a path to a flourishing Net Zero economy.

Together, we can renew our communities by working in partnership with government if action is taken forward across government to:

●     Increase local Net Zero investment by establishing a Net Zero Development Bank to bring together appropriate UK government financing for the transition to Net Zero. The bank should have both an obligation and the capacity to work with Local Energy Hubs and support local authorities to develop place-based Net Zero projects and programmes, leveraging additional private investment to kickstart local energy schemes which are at too early a stage to be attractive to private finance.

●   Invest in renewing the electricity grid to ensure a smart decentralised energy system, enabled by a national framework for local area energy planning. The Core mandate of Ofgem and of devolved nation energy regulators should be expanded to include supporting the delivery of Net Zero emissions, and we support the regulation of future investment in Distribution Network Operators so that a greater role can be given to regional and sub-national plans and ambition.

●   Ensure that the nation’s homes and buildings are retrofitted to be energy efficient by designing and delivering, with local government, a government-led long-term plan to decarbonise buildings and heat that sets out actions and investment needed to enable all existing homes and buildings to be Net Zero carbon by 2050 at the very latest. The plan should at least meet the manifesto commitment of £9bn public investment to deliver Net Zero in our homes and buildings and seeks to crowd in further private investment to meet this goal.

●   Speed up the transition to low and zero emission travel and enable the UK to be a global leader in developing zero emission vehicles including buses and freight. This should include a commitment to providing seamless access to electric vehicle charging infrastructure across the UK. Further support should be provided to citizens and businesses to switch from polluting vehicles to greener ones while also providing long-term investment in public transport networks and in creating built environments that prioritise walking and cycling.

●   Expand local powers to take action on Net Zero by enabling the national Net Zero effort through an enhanced devolution settlement, combining ambitious national strategy with a fresh and fair mix of powers and resources for local & combined authorities; enabling clear & accountable local Net Zero carbon delivery that unleashes the social and economic potential of every community.

Full data is available at: (GB regional and local authority breakdowns available)


The calculations draw on the paper ‘Characterising green employment: The impacts of ‘greening’ on workforce composition’ by Alex Bowena, Karlygash Kuralbayevab, Eileen L. Tipoec, in Energy Economics, April 2018. The paper finds x% of jobs in different US sectors have ‘green skills’ and y% require significant changes due to ‘greening’. The calculations assume these proportions apply, sector by sector, in the UK. We apply these proportions to existing jobs using the BRES survey.

Further details: See Robins, N., Gouldson, A., Irwin, W., Sudmant, A. and Rydge, J., Financing inclusive climate action in the UK An investor roadmap for the just transition. Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and the Environment. July 2018 and Robins, N., Tickell, S, Irwin, W., and Sudmant, A. Financing climate action with positive social impact. Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and the Environment. July 2020.

About UK100

UK100 is a network of highly ambitious local government leaders, who have pledged to secure the future for their communities by shifting to 100% clean energy by 2050. This is not just good for the planet but for the people and communities they serve, be they in villages, towns or cities. Local leaders are working together to create flourishing communities, seizing the opportunities of technology to create jobs and establishing a nationwide project of renewal, focussed on local needs and ambitions.

UK100 is the only network for UK local authorities, urban, suburban and rural, focused on climate and clean energy policy. We connect local leaders to each other, to business and to UK government, enabling them to showcase their achievements, learn from each other and speak collectively to accelerate the transition to clean energy.

We work closely with elected representatives, policy experts and grassroots campaigners to make the clean energy transition a reality. This involves developing solutions to challenges faced by each and all of our local leaders, whatever their geography, history or makeup, so as to influence UK government and building public support for clean energy solutions.

[1] See Editors Notes and p21 of £5bn investment for £100bn return: This is based on the typical development cost range of 10-15% of overall capital costs for large scale district heating projects down to 2-5% for more straightforward energy efficiency projects.

[2] England, Wales and Scotland figures. Detailed figures available here: (GB regional and local authority breakdowns available). Data derived from Bowen, A., Kuralbayeva, K. and Tipoe, E.L., 2018. Characterising green employment: The impacts of ‘greening on workforce composition. Energy Economics, 72, pp.263-275. Also see Robins, N., Gouldson, A., Irwin, W., Sudmant, A. and Rydge, J., Financing inclusive climate action in the UK An investor roadmap for the just transition. Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and the Environment. July 2018 and Robins, N., Tickell, S, Irwin, W., and Sudmant, A. Financing climate action with positive social impact. Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and the Environment. July 2020


[4] See Editors Notes and p21 of




[7] See p16

[8] See p12


[9] Full text of declaration in Editors Notes

[10] The roles outlined are derived from UK100 research and the 5 roles outlined in PAS 2035/2030:2019


For further information please contact:

+44 7830 195812
Putting the rural voice into climate action

Putting the rural voice into climate action

David Cope, UK100’s Countryside Climate Network Coordinator, spoke at the Rural Service Network’s annual conference Revitalising Rural on Thursday. In this adaption of David’s talk, he spells out why we need to include the rural voice in climate action and highlights some informative examples of councils engaging residents. 

UK100 is the only network for local authority leaders with a focus on net zero. But until recently, our network was predominantly urban. We recognised that we needed to be more inclusive, to support rural authorities that had distinctive challenges and opportunities around climate action, and to ensure that the rural voice was incorporated into our national advocacy campaigns.

That was why we created the Countryside Climate Network. We currently have 23 members from across England, together covering over 40% of the country and making up 20% of UK100’s membership. 

So far, more than 280 local authorities have declared climate emergencies. The ones that are generally finding it easier to act are those that have more devolved power or funding. But others, including many counties, unitarities and districts, are also acting positively. 

This second group is able to do so because they have the political will, public support and determination. We think that building consent and support among local residents is crucial for the success of climate action – it is a key aspect of building the power to act.

Climate concern is high

National polling tells us that concern about climate change is high. Before the pandemic, YouGov polling showed us that a quarter of the public felt that the environment was one of the most important topics facing the country – behind Brexit and health – with 74% concerned about climate change.

The pandemic hasn’t changed this. YouGov reported in July that ‘COVID-19 has not kicked environmental issues into the long grass’, with a quarter of Brits still viewing the environment as one of the most important issues facing the UK.

In spite of these general statements, it is evident that this doesn’t make the implementation of climate friendly policies smooth or simple. The introduction of low traffic neighbourhoods and pop up cycle lanes as a policy response to the need for travel adaptations to Covid-19 have demonstrated that even with a groundswell of enthusiasm for action, this doesn’t mean that everyone has provided their consent and support.

And even though the UK government is changing its position on support for onshore windfarms, there is still nervousness about whether communities will support their development locally.

That’s why we advocate for a high degree of engagement between local politicians and a broad cross-section of the residents and businesses in their areas. Last month we held a webinar on ‘mini publics’ – citizen assemblies and citizen juries – to discuss the pros and cons about their use in building consent and support in local communities around climate action. 

On 10 September, Climate Assembly UK – more than 100 ordinary people representing the diversity of the British public, commissioned by the UK Parliament – presented its report. The Assembly members supported the swift implementation of a variety of policies that the BBC referred to as ‘radical’, including banning gas boilers, frequent flier taxes, swift transition to electric vehicles and reductions in meat and dairy in diets.

But vitally, Assembly members also identified that the policy changes could only happen if there was better education for all on climate action. They highlighted that fairness needed to be an underpinning principle of the transition, and individuals and local areas needed to have freedom of choice. 

To me this highlights that the public are potentially very ready for radical changes, as long as they are part of those changes and they are not imposed on them. The importance of local choice and local solutions stood out for me too. 

The importance of engaging residents in action

Local authorities are well versed in engaging their residents in decision-making. As ambitions around climate action increase, it is ever-more important to involve residents in a discussion about what is acceptable and desirable to them. Here are a few examples from members of our Countryside Climate Network.

In Herne Bay, on the Kent coast, part of Canterbury City Council, planning permission has recently been given for the UK’s first green hydrogen plant. Powered by electricity generated by an offshore windfarm, this plant will produce hydrogen for use by buses, initially in London, but once production increases and new bus fleets are fitted out, it will be used by hydrogen-powered buses in Canterbury too. 

Some local residents had objected to the development on safety grounds – hydrogen being potentially explosive. The Councillor for the ward, Dan Watkins, one of our Countryside Climate Network members, had many conversations with local residents to discuss safety concerns, explain the risk profile and the project’s benefits. This type of engagement is crucial in achieving climate action.

In Cornwall, another one of our members, they recognise that some climate actions could be detrimental to some residents. So they have committed to ensuring no Cornish resident is worse off as a result of climate action. They developed a decision-making ‘wheel’ that balances environmental ambitions with social needs. 

With use of this framework, they have decided to not install fossil fuel heating in any new council-developed housing, have invested in a bike and walking network of trails to link together housing and economic growth areas, and are using central government funding to reduce bus fares across Cornwall. 

And in Cambridgeshire, the county council is working on a project that will replace oil fired central heating with ground and air sourced heating in the entire village of Swaffham Prior. The scheme is being offered to the village, but whether or not residents buy into it is up to them. The project was inspired from community members and this local ownership has been instrumental in building the support for adoption. 

Upcoming research to better understand local views on climate action

For all these reasons, we are about to commission some research into the views of rural residents on specific climate actions – including around transport, heating, energy generation and land management to name a few. This research will dig into what it is about these specific actions that make them easy to commit to, or contentious.

By understanding these issues better, we will be better able to explore ways to engage a broad section of rural society. This will allow local politicians to frame discussions about specific climate actions, equipping them to build consent and support locally. Ultimately, by building this consent and support, their power to act will grow. 

David Cope, Countryside Climate Network Coordinator

If you’d like to join UK100’s Countryside Climate Network, please do get in touch with Coordinator David Cope.

Launching UK100’s Resilient Recovery Taskforce, by Jason Torrance, UK100 Policy Director

Launching UK100’s Resilient Recovery Taskforce, by Jason Torrance, UK100 Policy Director

Early in July, a cross-party coalition of Mayors and council leaders came together as a Resilient Recovery Taskforce, with secretariat provided by UK100, to call on the Chancellor to commit to a ‘New Deal for Green Skills and Growth’ in his forthcoming Spending Review, expected in the Autumn. The opportunity for an economic recovery package that creates resilience in our communities and reduces carbon emissions is more possible now than it has ever been. However, success lies in a renewed partnership between UK Government and Local Governments that looks to the future and commits to large scale investment that reduces our climate emissions and builds back better.    


The social distancing and resulting lockdowns put in place to tackle COVID-19 is likely to cause the biggest drop in climate emissions ever recorded. Analysts estimate worldwide carbon pollution will plunge by more this year than the combined reductions seen during the global financial crisis, World War II and the Spanish flu. However, it is the actions that are taken as social distancing restrictions ease that will define our ability to tackle wider global challenges such as climate change and the need to build socially-just economic prosperity. Put simply, the opportunity to accelerate our efforts into developing a low carbon economy is now.


The COVID-19 crisis may of course only temporarily cut emissions. As shuttered factories begin to reopen, commuters get back into their cars and flights once again take to the air, little may have changed in the structure of the global economy – and progress towards net-zero will likely be as slow as ever and air pollution may return to city streets. Unless there are concerted efforts by governments, nationally and locally, to ensure this does not happen, our current global tragedy could sow the seeds for the next one. 


As we have seen with the global spread of COVID-19, no problem exists in isolation. While the UK was brought to a near standstill at the height of the lockdown, with road travel plummeting by as much as 73%, activity is now returning to near pre COVID-19 levels with car use now at 79% compared with before the COVID-19 outbreak, with vans and lorries at 92% and 97% respectively. 


With a COVID-19 vaccine seemingly some way off in the distance, it’s likely that there will continue to be a sharp rise in car travel over time at the expense of public transport so as to maintain social distancing. Now, more than ever, the need for UK Government increased investment in public transport is vital to keep services running.


For our wider economy, the post-pandemic outlook remains extremely uncertain, due to the unknown duration and severity of COVID-19 measures and doubts over the shape of the recovery. Analysis by the International Monetary Fund has resulted in them slashing their forecasts for global growth in response to the COVID-19 pandemic and warning of a slump in output this year unparalleled since the Great Depression of the 1930s. 


Towns and cities around the world are taking the lead in post-coronavirus planning, with a raft of environmental initiatives being rolled out in places from Bristol to Bogotá to ensure public safety and bolster the actions to tackle the climate emergency. Launching the newly formed Global Mayors COVID-19 Recovery Task Force, as part of the C40 group of cities, the mayor of Milan, said: “Our immediate priority is to protect the health of our residents and overcome the Covid-19 pandemic. However, we must also look towards how we will keep our people safe in the future. How we structure our recovery efforts will define our cities for decades to come.”


As the UK Government now begins to plot a course out of lockdown and towards a post COVID-19 new normal, the opportunity must be seized to protect jobs and safeguard the future while paying off debts created by emergency spending on the NHS and household incomes. This means re-evaluating infrastructure investments, such as the planned £28bn UK Government roads programme to ensure the country benefits from a jobs boom from initiatives such as: broadband, batteries, electric cars, home upgrades and infrastructure that enables walking and cycling.


Local leaders have played an essential role in tackling the COVID-19 crisis and they have an essential role in shaping what comes next. In fact, resilient recovery cannot be achieved without local leaders and the communities that they represent. Building back better requires a new dynamic partnership between the Government UK and local governments, a partnership that must be seized if we are to deliver Net Zero and renew our economy for the benefit of our environment, everyone and generations to come.  


Jason Torrance, Policy Director, UK100



In 2018, I took charge of the electric vehicle (EV) charging points strategy to promote EV ownership in a bid to reduce our carbon emissions in the borough and prepare for the approaching future of an electrically charged Wandsworth. Fast forward to 2020 and Wandsworth Council has not only announced a climate emergency, but it has a Climate Change Action Plan to back it up with plenty more EV charging points in tow.

Improving air quality was a major theme of the action plan. A key action from the council to meet this challenge is to build on our extensive EV charging network and increase our charging points to nearly 700.

The commitment is a huge step forward in our roadmap to becoming carbon neutral by 2030 and zero carbon by 2050 and EV ownership is one of the most effective ways to reduce carbon emissions from traffic and as a bonus, its effect is immediate.

Already, many of our residents have embraced this new technology.  Up to December 2019 we received more than 1,000 requests from residents for more EV charging points. This level of requests proves that there is a high demand for EVs. According to TFL, EV ownership in London is set to increase seven-fold over the next ten years and Wandsworth is keen to get behind this transition and support the community going green.

Electric cars will be critical to the future of our nation if we want to reach our carbon emissions goals committed to in the Paris agreement. One of the major challenges of switching to an EV is the up-front costs of purchasing. While the costs of EVs are falling as the market responds to consumer demands, governments at all levels still need to find ways to make EVs accessible to residents. One of the ways we can do this is car clubs.

Car clubs are an initiative that the council has invested in heavily, to the tune of £3 million, and as a result Wandsworth has a thriving car club membership of nearly 30,000 – the largest in the country. Car clubs allow owners to hire an EV by the hour, day or week and reduces 13 private cars per club. The popularity of the car clubs is largely because they help people avoid the heavy costs around car ownership and the prevalent issue of space for parking in London. The response from the car clubs has been immensely positive and we’re looking at ways to build on the initiative.

Our Climate Change Action Plan emphasised the need for community engagement and involvement. While the council is dedicated to making changes and future-proofing our borough we acknowledge there needs to be significant collaboration and buy-in from the community to see a real impact.

Among the noteworthy actions from the plan was a pledge to spend £5 million on climate change initiatives that support the council environment and sustainability strategy, significantly increasing our tree planting program, supporting cycling infrastructure and availability of e-bikes as well, of course, increasing the borough’s EV charging network. I’m also delighted to say that council recently announced that it will be committing £20 million overall to the climate change agenda. This will continue to remain a top priority for us.

Guest Blog: The Big Clean Switch Switching with Salford

Guest Blog: The Big Clean Switch Switching with Salford

A simple way to help residents take action on climate – and save money

Has your local authority declared a climate emergency and you’re wondering what to do next? Helping your residents make decisions to decarbonise their own lives can be a big challenge. Where do you start?

Here’s where we can help you.

What’s the big idea?

We’ve developed a simple piece of code that allows residents to switch to verified green electricity tariffs directly through your council website. With average household savings of over £230 a year, it’s a great way to cut energy bills and help the environment (switching to a green energy tariff is the carbon equivalent of taking a car off the road for 8 months of the year!)

Better still, every switch will generate around £25 to help fund local environmental projects in your area.

See it action

Try the platform out for yourself on Salford City Council’s website, here: You can embed the switch service anywhere on your site, but it’s particularly well suited to pages linked to utility payments – from council tax to parking vouchers – where residents may be particularly open to ways to save money.

Why Salford is doing it

Salford’s Mayor Paul Dennett says it is an important way to show leadership and help residents:  “In Salford we are absolutely committed to providing clean energy. We have more than 100 photo-voltaic solar panels on the town hall roof to help cut our bills and carbon footprint. Over 20 years the panels will save £286,000 and avoid CO2 emissions of 296 tonnes.

“We want to make it easy for residents to switch to green energy and save money so we have teamed up with the Big Clean Switch. By incorporating switching into things residents are doing anyway on the council website, we can maximise the number of people we support.”

Who is Big Clean Switch?

We’re a B Corp that works with a range of organisations, including businesses, local authorities and NGOs, to take the worry out of switching to low-cost, low-carbon energy.

We vet all the suppliers on our site to ensure that they uphold strict environmental credentials and good customer service. We also offer support over the phone and through our live chat function to help people with any questions that they have during the switching process.

Why it works

Most people think switching supplier is a hassle. Our platform allows you to take switching to them, incorporating it into interactions that are happening anyway on your website. What better time to save £230 on your energy bills than when you’ve just paid your council tax?

So if you’re looking for a quick and easy way to help your residents start to tack action on your climate emergency pledge (as well as saving them a bit of money too), contact Jon Fletcher at